Biblical literature - Biblical literature - Judges: importance and role: Under these conditions, the successors to Joshua—the judges—arose. THE BOOK OF JUDGES. Judges is the account of how Israel behaves between the death of Joshua and the leadership of a king. Some of them received only a brief mention in the Book of Judges. Dennis Bratcher. He acquired a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah (Judges 19:1). The Hebrew title is Sopetim [Shophetim], which is usually translated "judges" but the Hebrew word sopet not only caries the idea of administrating and maintaining justice but also has the meaning of "liberator" or "deliverer." Ostracized by others as illegitimate and kept company with “empty” people (Judges 11:3). However, their stories are told with exciting and adventurous details. The Book of the Judges is the second of the historic books of the Old Testament. The Cycle of Judges (2:10-23) A "judge" (Heb: shophet) was primarily a military leader of a particular tribe, although they could serve the role of both military and legal administrator. The Judges of Israel. Some had nothing said of them and some were plain lousy leaders. Israel was snared by the evil nations around them and fell into idol worship (1-7) God let them become slaves of the king of Mesopotamia (8) God saves them after Israel cries out for His help (9-11) Israel again does evil (12) God again lets them become servants of a foreign people (12-14) God saves them again after they call for help (15-30) Each man did what he considered to be right (Judges 21:25). In the southern coastal area of Israel they established a confederation of five city-states (Gaza, Ahskelon, Ashdod, Gath and Ekron). Instead of remaining loyal to God and following His laws, these generations of Israelites wander in their faith, worshiping idols, indulging in violence, and descending into chaos. I. Othniel (3:7-11) The Lord empowered Othniel to be a deliverer. These minor judges were: Shamgar 3:31, Tola 10:1-2, Jair 10:3-5, Ibzan 12:8-10, Elon 12:11-12, and Abdon 12:13-15. Yiftach ben Gilad: 6 years: Judges 11-12:6. There was a Levite living temporarily in the remote region of the Ephraimite hill country. The Hebrew term shofet, which is translated into English as “judge,” is closer in meaning to “ruler,” a kind of military leader or deliverer from potential or actual defeat. 15 Judges of Israel Go to People in the Bible or Women in the Bible About 3000 years ago, the land of Israel was ruled by a succession of judges, rather than kings. During the period of the Judges they are constantly at war with the tribes of Israel pushing them away from much of the coast and into the hilly, inland regions of the country. In those days Israel had no king. Then the Ammonites threatened Israel. They were very different from the ordinary administrators of justice among the Hebrews, respecting whom, see JUSTICE.The Carthaginians, a colony of the Tyrians, had likewise governors, whom they called Suffetes, or Sophetim, with authority almost equal to that of kings. Yair from Gilad: 22 years: He had 30 sons (Judges 10:3-5). Six Major Judges They are regarded as such because they have more details written than the others. In Hebrew Shophetim, were the rulers, chiefs, or leaders of Israel, from Joshua to Saul. Very little is known about him in the written (Judges 10:1-2) or Oral Tradition. The other judges are viewed in greater detail in the Book of Judges: Othniel 3:7-11 a nephew of Caleb, delivered Israel from the Mesopotamians. Judges. The book of Judges is primarily the negative theological counterpart to … In those days Israel had no king. But to list the six major is certainly ambiguous. List of the Judges. Also, not much is known about him.

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